By Bruce L. Gardner and Gordon C. Rausser (Eds.)
This primary quantity of the ''Handbook of Agricultural Economics'' provides paintings on themes primary to the economics of agriculture: the quantitative illustration of know-how; industry expectancies; loved ones construction behaviour; purchaser behaviour with doubtful caliber and safeguard of products; and problems with imperfect festival in meals advertising. quantity IB offers with the economics of agricultural items when they go away the farm. Seven chapters clarify fresh advancements in program of twin ways in family economies, the commercial association of foodstuff advertising, advertising margins among farm and retail costs, spatial fee research, commodity garage and value stabilization, commodity futures and recommendations markets, and the economics of nutrients protection. Volumes IA and IB every one persist with their really good chapters with a synthesis bankruptcy that brings jointly and assesses the most topics and problems with the sphere, and quantity IB concludes with an total synthesis of the country of and clients for agricultural economics as utilized fiscal technological know-how
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Extra resources for Marketing, Distribution and Consumers
And other considerations will now and then complicate the analysis. 2 for two months, when annualized, would represent the different interest rates at which banks would take deposits versus lend out funds), it will tend to transact differently. A natural position in money will tend to make roasters buy the coffee for earlier delivery, while making a firm with coffee in Cartagena to sell for later delivery, as column 3 in Table 3 makes d e a r s One lesson from the situation in Figure 6 and Table 3 is that it is difficult to infer traders' motives from their actions.
Under that arrangement, the coffee exporter and speculator need have nothing to do with one another; their only contact is an effort to reduce the handling costs of delivering coffee back to the farmer and then his redelivery to the speculator. The transaction at the heart of the theory of normal backwardation and hedging-pressure theory, namely the coffee exporter's short sale to a speculative long, disappears. Because nothing of substance has changed with this reformulation of the transactions, the theories cannot have captured the motivation for them.
22 Bessembinder (1993), in a comparable study involving slightly different commodities and periods, also uncovered little evidence of bias in futures prices. Similarly meager evidence of a downward bias is present in coffee over 1989-1999. Figure 3 provides a time series of observations expiration by expiration, from which a histogram of price changes can be constructed and which identifies some statistical complications. Each observation in Figure 3 represents the change in the price of a particular futures contract from eleven months earlier.
Marketing, Distribution and Consumers by Bruce L. Gardner and Gordon C. Rausser (Eds.)